The wrong bollards
ITIC’s member designed some bollards to be placed in a north European port. Most of the bollards were welded into position and were satisfactory. A small percentage of the bollards were to be removable for use with roll on roll off ships docking at the quayside. All the removable bollards failed during testing. It transpired that the thread specified for the anchor bolts was the wrong type and the anchor bolts pulled out during stress tests.
The bollards were sent back to the UK for retooling and were redelivered to the customer. The costs incurred due to the failure in the design amounted to USD 90,000. This amount was settled by ITIC.